Beautiful and favourite holiday destination in Bangladesh is Cox's Bazar Sea Beach
The southern Chittagong area, including Cox's Bazar, was under the rule of Arakan kings from the early ninth century until its conquest by the Mughals in 1666 AD. When the Mughal Prince Shah Shuja was passing through the hilly terrain of the present-day Cox's Bazar on his way to Arakan, he was attracted to its scenic and captivating beauty. He commanded his forces to camp there. His retinue of one thousand palanquins stopped there for some time. A place named Dulahazara, meaning "one thousand palanquins", still exists in the area. After the Mughals, the place came under the control of the Tipras and the Arakanese, followed by the Portuguese and then the British.
The name Cox's Bazar originated from the name of a British East India Company officer, Captain Hiram Cox, who was appointed as the Superintendent of Palonki (today's Cox's Bazar) outpost. He succeeded Warren Hastings, who became the Governor of Bengal after the British East India Company Act in 1773. Cox was mobilised to deal with a century-long conflict between Arakan refugees and local Rakhine people at Palonki. The Captain had rehabilitated many refugees in the area but died in 1799 before he could finish his work. To commemorate that, a market was established and named after him, called Cox's Bazar (market of Cox). Cox's Bazar then was first established in 1854 and became a municipality in 1869.
After the Sepoy Mutiny (Indian Rebellion of 1857) in 1857, the British East India Company was highly criticised and questioned on humanitarian grounds, especially for its opium trade monopoly over the Indian Sub-Continent. However, after its dissolution on 1 January 1874, all of the company's assets including its Armed Forces were acquired by the British Crown. After this historic takeover, Cox's Bazar was declared a district of the Bengal Province under the British Crown.
After the end of British rule in 1947, Cox's Bazar became part of East Pakistan. Captain Advocate Fazlul Karim, the first Chairman (after independence from the British) of Cox's Baazar Municipality, established the Tamarisk Forest along the beach. He wanted to attract tourists as well as to protect the beach from tidal waves (tsunami). He donated much of his father-in-law's and his own lands as sites for constructing a Public Library and a Town Hall. He was inspired to build Cox's Baazar as a tourist spot after seeing beaches of Bombay and Karachi, and was a resort pioneer in developing Cox's Bazar as a destination. He founded a Maternity Hospital, the Stadium and the drainage system by procuring grants from the Ford Foundation and Rockefeller Foundation through correspondence. T. H. Matthews, the principal of the Dacca Engineering College (1949~1954), was a friend who had helped him in these fundraising efforts. Engineer Chandi Charan Das was the government civil engineer who had worked on all these projects. In 1959 the municipality was turned into a town committee.
In 1961 the erstwhile Geological Survey of Pakistan initiated investigation of radioactive minerals like monazite around the Cox's Bazar sea-beach area.
In 1971, Cox's Bazar wharf was used as a naval port by the Pakistan Navy's gunboats. This and the nearby airstrip of the Pakistan Air Force were the scene of intense shelling by the Indian Navy during the Bangladesh Liberation War. During the war, Pakistani soldiers killed many people in the town, including eminent lawyer Jnanendralal Chowdhury. The killing of two freedom fighters named Farhad and Subhash at Badar Mokam area is also recorded in history.
After the independence of Bangladesh, Cox's Bazar started to get administrative attention. In 1972 the town committee of Cox's Bazar was turned into a municipality. In 1975, The Government of Bangladesh established a pilot plant at Kalatali. Later, in 1984 Cox's Bazar subdivision was promoted to a district, and five years later (in 1989) the Cox's Bazar municipality was elevated to B-grade. In 1994 (jobs) the Marine Fisheries and Technology Station (MFTS) was established at Cox's Bazar. MFTS is a research station of Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute (BFRI) headquartered in Mymensingh. The station covers a land area of four hectares and contains five laboratories. In April 2007 Bangladesh got connected to the submarine cable network as a member of the SEA-ME-WE 4 Consortium, as Cox's Bazar was selected as the landing station of the submarine cable. In September 2012 the municipality was the site of the Cox's Bazar and Ramu riots, where local Muslims attacked the Buddhist community over an alleged Quran desecration posted to Facebook
Cox’s Bazar sea beach is the world’s longest unbroken clean sandy beach. It is about 120 km long. It naturally attracts many tourists from different corner of the earth due to its smooth and spongy carpeting of silvery sand sloping smoothly into the crystal clear water of the Bay of Bengal. Cox’s Bazar is renowned for its tranquil nature with the magnificent green trees and attractive hills on one side and the appealing waves on the other. The Sea beach is perfect for bathing, and swimming around the edge. The marvelous sight of the sunset behind the blue waves of the sea is truly breathtaking.
Cox’s Bazar is considered as the tourist capital of Bangladesh and was named after Captain Cox, who was an administrator at British period. Besides the Cox’s Bazaar splendid beach, tourists may visit Laboni, Inani, Kutubdia, Ramu, Himchhari, Moheshkhali, Sonadia, Ukhiya, and Teknaf for enjoying their natural magnificence, their lovely beaches and an understanding of tribal life and culture. Furthermore, Patenga and Parki in Chittagong division.
There are abundant shops in the Hotel Motel Zone serving to Bangladeshi and foreign tourists. Exclusive things made of sea shells and dead corals are very popular and also sold by many vendors on the beach. We discourage you to buy those things because its ruining our natural beauty of the sea. You can also poke around the Burmese Market where you will find local beauty products, hand made textile and bed-sheets among many other things. There are bundles of restaurants along Sea Beach Road and in the Hotel Motel Zone, where most are serving Bangladeshi foods.
Another part of Cox’s Bazar Sea Beach worth visiting is Himchari. It is about 12 km south of Cox’s Bazar Town and 6 km from the Kalatali beach by the hill, a ideal place for a picnic. It consists of 1,729 hectares area. The famous “Broken Hills” and waterfalls here are rare sights. From Kalatali stand, Himchari is only 15 minute travel if you hire a taxi. Many others rent a car from Cox’s Bazar. Beautiful waterfall, Broken Hill, and Himchari National Park are biggest attractions of Himchari.
Inani beach is another famous part of Cox’s Bazaar Sea beach. It is about 32 km south of Cox’s Bazar. It is only half an hour’s drive from Cox’s Bazar and an perfect place for sea-bathing and a picnic. The major attractions include Shark free water, seashells with different colors, green hills to the east, palm trees, etc.
If you are a nature lover and want to pass your handy leisure time with longest beach of the world, you just cannot miss to visit Cox’s Bazar. A visit that you will not never forget!
Have different meanings and benefits and are liked by different people. For me, my favourite holiday destination in Bangladesh is Cox's Bazar. Of all my holidays, there is one destination that stands out in my mind. Cox'sbazar sea beach, a mind blowing place with sun and waves of blue water and mountains. To me, this place is the ultimate holiday destination in Bangladesh, and the one that keeps calling me back to visit again. I love travelling; I enjoy photography and the skills behind them. So, it's very hard to stay at home without visiting and nature photography on beach city Cox'sbazar. It's also a perfect honeymoon destination for Bangladeshi couples. They are can be enjoy ultimate loves on beach tours. I'm always recommended this destination to all of my friends and foreign travelers, who want to visit and walking on world's longest sea beach.
When you arrive in beach city Cox'sbazar, it can all seem a little strange; The streets bustle with different kinds of people, and even walking from the coach to your hotel will be an assault on your senses, as the smells and sounds are so very different from any mega city. It can be surreal walking through a city or a town, where people hawk their goods to you, where bartering is as natural as breathing, and where food can cost barely anything in one location, and be really pricey in the next. And hotels are available on beach.
After a few hours of acclimatisation, however, you will soon realise that there is something special about this place. It may be the mountains that you can almost always see somewhere in the distance that convince you. Alternatively, you could realise how friendly the people are, and how for some reason the Brits don’t act as horrifically here as they do in other holiday spots.